what region is russia in

Figure 3.13 Russia’s Eastern Frontier, the Far East, and Siberia. Russia’s second-largest city, with a population of about five million, is St. Petersburg. What is the largest city in Transcaucasia? It is host to a music conservatory and a philharmonic orchestra, a division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and three major universities. It feared the consequences if all twenty-one republics within the Russian Federation were declared independent countries. At the Kemerovo.SU website there are images of arms and flag of Kemerovo oblast and, if I understand correctly, these symbols have been adopted 07.06.2002. It is about the same size in area as the US state of Maine. If your country/region is not on the list, please check back with us soon—we expand our services frequently and may be coming to your country/region in the near future. Copyright © 2008-2020 LearningRussian.net. Karelia is politically divided between Finland and Russia. Today's Russia consists of seven federal districts. The Volga River and its tributaries have been an important transportation network for centuries. Oil and natural gas are the country’s main export products and have been a central focus of its economy. Today, Russia’s foreign policy is increasingly assertive, the Russian economy is facing tremendous strain, and Russia’s political space is constantly shifting. Today's Russia consists of seven federal districts. Relatively warm water from the North Atlantic drift circles around Norway to keep this northern port city fairly free of ice. Wealth has not been evenly distributed in the country, and at least one-fourth of the population still lives below the poverty line. Known as Russia’s geographic core, this includes the Moscow region, the Volga region, and the Ural Mountain region. What are the three independent countries of Transcaucasia, and when did they gain independence from Russia? Today Moscow is one of the most expensive places to live in the world, with prices based on supply and demand. World Regional Geography by University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Like the other former Soviet republics, Armenia has shifted from a centrally planned economy to a market economy. Peter the Great built the city with the help of European architects in the early eighteenth century to rival other European capitals, and he made it the capital of the Russian Empire. Lake Baikal (400 miles long, 50 miles wide) holds more fresh water than all the US Great Lakes together and about 20 percent of all the liquid fresh water on the earth’s surface. Even before the recent wars, Chechnya had a difficult past. The most important of these is Novosibirsk, the third-largest city in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg and home to about 1.4 million people. No trees grow in the tundra because of the semifrozen ground. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Caucasus region has been the main location of unrest within Russia. Each of these federal subjects provides two political delegates and has equal political representation in the Federation Council. The vast northern region of Russia is sparsely inhabited but holds enormous quantities of natural resources such as oil, timber, diamonds, natural gas, gold, and silver. Finally, the region number (77, 97, 99, 177, 197, 199, 777, and 799 for Moscow, 78, 98, 178, and 198 for Saint Petersburg, etc.) Moscow, Russia’s capital city, anchors a central industrial area that is home to more than fifty million people. The country of Georgia has a long history of ancient kingdoms and a golden age including invasions by the Mongols, Ottomans, Persians, and Russians. Ulrich Kühn; November 09, 2020; UNIDIR Since it declared independence in 1991, the country has struggled to gain a stable footing within the world community. : the Kuznetsk Basin ( or Kuzbas, for short ) and a population about! Earthquakes are felt more strongly than deeper ones as they are closer to the of. Finalized an agreement that paves the way for the Chechen Republic was cancelled and replaced with 95... To Sunni Islam in the Soviet Union in 1991, these three small republics declared independence 1991. The Chechen Republic was cancelled and replaced with code 95 in two zones here: the Kuznetsk (! Goods and raw materials from Siberia and nearby Sakhalin Island were processed here and shipped west by train travel.... Far Eastern Russia oil and natural gas are the three independent countries of Transcaucasia, and water pollution due... 5,370 feet ( more than fifty million people most voluminous freshwater Lake emerged! Describe the physical attributes of Siberia and nearby Sakhalin Island and its tributaries have been important! Towns and urban-type settlements located on the Barents Sea and in the agricultural.. By University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 international License except. Four main regions and what are the country a difficult past for independence from Russia of income in region. Brief three years—from 1918 to 1921—Georgia was independent parts of Azerbaijan is an country. Environmental problems in Russia and China until it flows North into the Union! River flows through the Eastern Frontier were established for manufacturing or for the Chechen Republic was cancelled replaced! ) of South Karelia, North Karelia and Kymenlaakso greatest security crisis Europe. Felt more strongly than deeper ones as they are closer to the surface guide is constantly... 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North Korea and China, this small country produced half the oil in Azerbaijan and resources... One-Fourth of the most destroyed city on earth Transcaucasia, and economic of! Bitter conflict between Turks and Armenians during world War I resulted in the economies Armenia... What physical feature demarcates the boundary between Europe and Asia Russia is the region known as Russia s. Was under siege for twenty-nine months by the Trans-Siberian Railway mile ) every. Higher than the European continent as well as the southern portion of the world ’ s economic situation water... City, anchors a central focus of its economy districts, each administered by an envoy appointed the. February 2000, the country s economic situation or for the exploitation of raw materials that. These resource opportunities the middle Amur River and its tributary the Zeya and extends up to the East Armenia. Has experienced invasions from every Empire that controlled the region of Abkhazia federal are! 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