enterprise architecture benefits and challenges

It is also important to achieve the benefits from innovative new business models and technologies. It’s not that having architectural models or managing compliance with architectural standards is wrong, but there needs to be a strong emphasis for enterprise architects on solving real business challenges. Enterprise architects have come under substantial criticism for failing to meet their promised goals. Only when an idea is proven do we invest in scaling it. In each of these scenarios, business architecture is sponsored by business leaders. This is where bureaucratic processes and review boards are established to ensure that proposed changes are designed and delivered in a way to comply with architectural targets and standards. EV is … Through their insights, they should be helping to solve customer and business challenges by guiding the business in making informed decisions such as technology direction, prioritizing capability areas for change, defining solutions to meet long-term objectives, formulating transition plans, and overseeing the delivery of their solutions. Lack of effective governance. We’ve talked at some length about the importance of adaptive thinking, feedback loops and visual communication. Frankly, the business customers and stakeholders do not care whether the arrow from one box to another is a diamond shape or a triangle shape. But very few enterprise architects have even been to the front line or spoken to the customer. Inwardly focussed Enterprise architects are perceived to waste time defining the whole organization’s current state and target state architecture models instead of … ... 5G enterprise challenges. Approaches like Lean Startup, Team of Teams, Agile, Product Thinking, Design Thinking, and Human-Centred Design have challenged the value of EA. When selecting a framework or frameworks, think about what and how you will need to communicate – be aware … Organizations are now challenged to inject innovation by adopting a customer- and product-centric approach, where the norm is to understand the customer, test ideas, fail fast, productize and scale up. Edge computing is composed of technologies take advantage of computing resources that are available outside of traditional and cloud data centers such that the workload is placed closer to where data is created and such that actions can then be taken in response to an analysis of that data. The main objectives of this thesis is to find out and understand benefits, challenges, and critical success factors of enterprise architecture implementation. Benefits Focused – How do we create a benefits case for Enterprise Architecture. Worse still is when the EA function is focussed on managing change to architectural compliance. Granted, you may need a whole-of-organization view in order to gain a contextual perspective, but this should be developed only at a very high level. This study explores the implementation of enterprise architecture (EA) in the Norwegian health sector. The first version of The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF®), which is widely adopted by enterprise architects all over the world, was published in 1995. There is a lot that we can learn from Lean Startup and Agile thinking in this respect. EA can offer support for re-designs and re-organization, especially during major organizational changes, mergers or acquisitions. Enterprise architecture doesn’t need to die out in the face of new ways of working, but it does need to adapt. With the EA benefits there come some risks as well. Sidorova A, Kappelman L: Realizing the Benefits of Enterprise Architecture: An Actor-Network Theory Perspective, in Complex Systems Design & Management, Vol Springer, 2012, pp 317-333. ational Journal of Training and Development 16:128-136, 2012. So, what are the challenges with enterprise architecture? Many organisations have therefore undertaken extensive efforts to implement Enterprise Architecture (EA). Sure, the architecture models may be accurate and even elaborate, but so what? What are the objectives required to address the challenges? Embrace the shifts in thinking that are happening and don’t let the EA function get rusty. They just want solutions to their challenges. “Just enough” here can mean having some simple diagrams in a slide deck rather than in a complex EA tool that will take way too long to model, or just a photo of a sketch on the whiteboard. Keyword(s): enterprise architecture. Your chosen approach must be simple enough that your business stakeholders and customers can understand. The stakeholders will not support EA, if they don’t participate in the EA program. It helps the organization standardize business operations and incorporate systems in different layers to achieve business goals and organizational benefits. Does the organization limp along within the confines of the existing architecture, or does the organization make a strategic decision to be better? 2011. While we can’t solve all the challenges with enterprise architecture, there are some immediate practices that we can adopt to demonstrate value to the business and its customers— particularly for major business initiatives such as digital transformation. Most enterprise architects have struggled to communicate meaningfully with the business, which leads to the business not understanding the value proposition of EA. ... making it essential for organizations to thoroughly understand 5G's benefits and challenges now and to begin evaluating how the technology could affect the way they do business. No matter what approach … August 2, 2011, Harri Daniel, Comments Off on Benefits Of Enterprise Architecture. Enterprise Architecture is designed to ensure alignment between the business and IT strategies, operating model, guiding principles, and software development projects and service delivery.This article explains about Enterprise Architecture (EA) by their topic into Definition, Importance, and Benefits. Enterprise architects and industry groups like The Open Group have been slow to adapt to these new ways of working. Adopt an approach that provides substantiated linkage between your designs and the recommended solutions with the business strategy, strategic goals and challenges. Arguably, the fundamental reason why EA has failed is that businesses do not see its value for three key reasons: Enterprise architects are expected to be experts in understanding business and technology. © Jibility Pty Ltd 2020  |  Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy, Enterprise architecture does not solve real customer and business challenges, Enterprise architects are too rigid and not adapting fast enough, Enterprise architecture is not understood, Five Keys to Success with Enterprise Architecture, Solve business challenges by firstly understanding the business context, strategy and challenges, Demonstrate value early by applying Lean Startup and Agile thinking to EA, Show linkage to your business strategy with a strategic roadmap and build consensus, Don’t waste time and effort modelling the whole enterprise, Show Linkage to Your Business Strategy With This Free Tool, The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF®). This approach is well suited to how enterprise architects can work with the business to demonstrate value early: When the architectural solution is agreed or proven to be viable, then invest the effort in further in-depth elaboration or implementation. Directly related to our work are the following papers. They want results, outcomes, customers and benefits. Over the years, I have observed many organizations enthusiastically establish an enterprise architecture (EA) function, fervently embrace EA practices, meticulously develop myriad architectural models and diligently govern compliance to architectural standards. The term enterprise architecture has di fferent meanings, depend ing on the situation it describes (Janssen, 2012). Yet in the majority of these organizations, EA has been a failure; within only a few short years, the function is disbanded. Most EA functions are centralized and far removed from the front line, which leads to a logical understanding of the business in the form of architectural models. Unfortunately, the business architect… I would love to hear about them. EA frameworks such as TOGAF® have been around for a long time, and over the decades, progressive organizations have rapidly adopted the new ways of working that have emerged. Challenges of enterprise systems include the high cost of investment, time needed for implementation and risks of data loss and downtime. The key here is “minimal viable architecture”. Enterprise architecture (EA) is "a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. It means stepping back and taking a look at the higher-level context before making a decision. It can be a strategy, a method, or a process (Ross et al., 2006, Bernard, 2012). Engage the business to co-develop the strategic roadmap and use this as an opportunity to build consensus with your stakeholders or customers along the way. create a minimal viable architecture to test the proposed solutions with the business. There have been lots of discussions but not much action in terms of how enterprise architects can incorporate these techniques to increase their success. The ideal use of an enterprise architecture framework is to provide context for the work being undertaken and to act as a means of communicating issues, challenges, opportunities, and risks. Instead of developing detailed architectural models (whether application, information or technology architecture models) for the whole organization, just focus on elaborating the targeted capability areas that need to change or are impacted by the change. Benefits of Enterprise Architecture. The advantages and disadvantages of implementing enterprise resource planning software are well documented.Nevertheless, the nature of ERP systems is changing as enterprises shift from on-premises to cloud computing and as data from nearly every aspect of life -- from home fitness to grocery shopping to automobile travel … 7. TOGAF®’s architecture development model (ADM) is intended to be executed iteratively, but this is seldom practised. Enterprise architecture aims to broaden an existing business model and take on challenges and business risks resulting from disruptive forces to achieve the desired business vision and goals. As a result, the business engages less with enterprise architects, and so enterprise architects stay focussed on just the technology. Benefits Of Enterprise Architecture. Using infographic-style one-pagers, set in business terminology, is a great way to get your message across. Perhaps you have experienced other challenges too? 8. In our new digital world, traditional Enterprise Architecture challenges still persist. This implies developing or modelling only just enough to test with your key customers and business stakeholders, gather feedback and adapt accordingly. The final focus is on EA implementation of one Finnish public administration authority: HSL - Helsinki Region Transport, to discover actual benefits and challenges of EA … Enterprise Architecture and Its Use. EA planning and implementation that foresees and overcomes prickly environmental challenges. Enterprise architecture (EA) benefits modern organizations in many ways. You should not dive into detailed modelling for all areas of the business because as soon as you have completed the model, the business has changed; therefore, you’ll probably have wasted effort modelling irrelevant areas. Enterprise architecture aims at creating a model to explain how a business can achieve and meet its present and future goals. EA is “the definition and representation of a high-level view of an enterprise‘s business processes and IT systems, their interrelationships, and the extent to which these processes and systems are shared by different parts of the enterprise” (Tamm et al. Enterprise Architecture Realization . EA concepts are nothing new; they’ve been around for decades. Enterprise architects are great at creating architectural models, but the customer and the business stakeholders usually do not care for complex and esoteric diagrams. These aspects contemporary ways of working are combined with the best of enterprise architecture techniques (capability-based planning) in our free app for building strategic roadmaps: Jibility. Enterprise Architecture proves a challenging conquest for even the most veteran IT professionals. Some of these are: 1. This is directly related to enabling you to meet the agreed objectives and, in turn, to address your challenges. Map your capabilities and identify the specific ones that need to change. Enterprise architecture has many well-known benefits like providing insights and overview of structures and dependencies between processes and applications. Keeping these eleven challenges front of mind as we conceive and develop our Enterprise Architecture programs will help keep business successful and away from disappearing down the Enterprise Architecture plug hole. 2011).This … This is the beginning of EA. I know several enterprise architects working for a multi-national oil and gas company right now who have never been to the production operation facilities. Moving architecture to the real enterprise level requires a mature and committed organization. Government enterprise architecture projects, in particular, have sometimes been held up as prime examples of failed IT initiatives. Enterprise architecture can significantly help banks tackle these challenges by providing the means to improve customer experience, assess business opportunities of emerging technologies and increase visibility into their data to anticipate the needs of data governance. In the context of Enterprise Architecture Management is described and challenges for it are identified. One of the challenges with enterprise architecture is that most EA functions are too inwardly focussed and struggle to relate and engage with the business. This study focuses on identifying organizational benefits … Enterprise architecture forces a decision based on outcomes. Consequently, this leads to less focus on the business, which in turn leads to the business perception that enterprise architects are not solving business challenges. If gov… What are the challenges (problems or opportunities)? A good approach will help you traverse from your set of challenges to objectives, capabilities, actions, initiatives and roadmap. Despite its wide-ranging benefits, Enterprise Architecture Planning can be a challenging process. Apply techniques such as Design Thinking, Human-Centred Design, and Product Thinking to improve your understanding of the customer problem, business needs and challenges. The purported benefits of using enterprise architecture … 2. In the end, it’s all about the message you want to communicate. Enterprise architects are perceived to waste time defining the whole organization’s current state and target state architecture models instead of concentrating their efforts on solving real business problems. In line with the previous section, we should develop minimal viable strategic roadmaps to test and gather feedback in order to determine whether the strategic roadmap is valid. For example… Lack of understanding of enterprise architecture among stakeholders. The purpose, goals and disciplines of EA are sound, but it seems the practice has not lived up to expectations. Because of this, enterprise architecture has an important role in unifying and coordinating departmental processes across an organization. It is, however, a challenging task to implement enterprise architecture … We found a number of challenges that impeded the process toward a common EA: unclear enterprise architecture roles, ineffective communication, low EA maturity and commitment, and complicated EA tools. Also, when the EA is defined but then is largely ignored by IT managers, solution architects and other stakeholders, the adoption rates will be low. The most common challenges are: The good news is that prospective hires appear to be drawn toward exciting work that offers opportunities to learn … Yet our experience also suggests that enterprise architecture’s long-held reputation as a mundane field with limited room for advancement can create challenges when it comes to attracting top talent. To effectively manage sponsors and stakeholder requirements — and provide timely value — IT organizations need a rigorous approach to . It is composed of a set of applications that automate routine operations such as Financial Management, Stock Control, Supply Chain Management, Human Resource processes – Goal Setting, … Shifting from silo-based systems, curating business value, and measuring outcomes will drive your org… For enterprise architects to solve business challenges, they need to have an in-depth knowledge of the business and its customers. From this, we know whether to apply further refinements, or completely pivot. "Enterprise" does notnecessarily mean the entire enterprise. The business is not interested in ‘pretty diagrams’. It is needless to say when implementing an Enterprise Architecture program then it will lead to a need for change in the organization and it handles a lot of its activities for working with documentation, communicating and not to forget how to prioritize projects and organize them into programs. Harrell JM, Sage AP: Enterprise architecture … Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations … Executive Summary. One of the challenges with enterprise architecture is that most EA functions are too inwardly focussed and struggle to relate and engage with the business. Enterprise Architecture is seen as instrumental to drive the digital transformation in enterprises. The Business Challenges Solved by Enterprise Architecture When it comes to bridging the gap between technology and business, discover the challenges addressed and solved by enterprise architecture. Apply a capability-based planning approach to identify the capability areas where change is required. Their understanding of the business is purely based on information from a third party. Enterprise architecture (EA) is a framework that consists of multiple processes to align business strategies with information technology (IT) architecture. The customer can be either an internal business stakeholder or the actual business customer. Enterprise systems can help your business be more productive, access key data more easily, benefit from easier planning and monitoring and improve record keeping. Lean Startup takes an idea and hypothesis, then creates a minimal viable product to quickly test the hypothesis and viability of the idea. Expense — If they don't have a carefully defined budget, enterprise architecture projects can cost more than they save. This enables us to determine whether to pivot the idea or persevere. Along each of these steps you are tasked to narrow your list of options and drive to a very targeted and explicable roadmap. By harnessing and managing the compute power that is available on remote premises, such as factories, retail stores… Some of the key issues include the following: 1. Take, for example, Lean Startup. Enterprise architecture will help multiple departments in a business understand the broader business model and articulate challenges and business risks. An enterprise 5G deployment requires extensive planning. The business landscape of today is changing at a breakneck pace. But what are the benefits of Enterprise Architecture? What are the moments of truth for the customer? Enterprise architects invest a lot of effort into modelling the business with esoteric diagrams (such as with ArchiMate® notation). Enterprise 5G: Guide to planning, architecture and benefits. This is essential because business architecture is owned by -- and most benefits -- the business. EA plays a crucial role in business process unification and gives business leaders an understanding of operational gaps that … According to " Enterprise Architecture As Strategy " as few as 5% of EAP projects are effective. An exploratory study. In the view of strategy, it pays off to formulate proven EA benefits that directly can be justified financially and strategically. 31. The most effective and impactful business architecture teams are comprised of business professionals representing a cross-section of business units, and this requires senior business sponsorship. An Enterprise Resource Planning system can be used to control all major business processes with a single software architecture in real-time. Enterprise Architecture: Addressing the Challenges Through EA, businesses can begin forming a framework for their long-term growth strategies and how they integrate with their business technologies. The changes in tasks will impact the organization structure, the people who have been employed, and the technology th… Was Total Football Actually Created By Brits? A literature review is conducted in to identify the benefits of Enterprise Architecture. Another challenge with enterprise architecture is that, since it’s common for the EA function to sit within the Information Technology function, its scope and point of view to a technology bias is naturally constrained. It’s also useful for bringing more discipline into the organization by standardizing and consolidating processes for more consistency.EA is also used in system development, IT management and decision-making, and IT risk management to eliminate errors, system failures and s… It provides a holistic, top down view of structure and systems, making it invaluable in managing the complexities of data-driven business.. Once considered solely a function of IT, enterprise architecture has historically operated from an ivory … The enterprise architecture benefits include help in supporting strategic changes such as the due diligence for mergers and acquisitions and management of the resulting integration programme, the design of a new organisation, business model and business operating model, introduction of regulatory and legal changes , … Swap The Suit For A Sports Kit: Building A…. Taking The "Enterprise" Word Literally. Here are a selection, from my experience, of those that need to be mastered to ensure your Enterprise Architecture program keeps on track. These concepts conflict with traditional EA thinking and methods, which are primarily concerned with gathering business stakeholders’ needs, lengthy architectural modelling exercises, and thorough planning. So, translate these into simple and easy-to-digest visuals that the customers and business stakeholders can relate to. , strategic goals and disciplines of EA are sound, but this is essential because business architecture is sponsored business. They want results, outcomes, customers and business stakeholders and customers can enterprise architecture benefits and challenges... A business can achieve and meet its present and future goals, 2012 ) purely based on information from third... 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Mean the entire enterprise we invest in scaling it be a strategy, goals... Not understanding the value proposition of EA are sound, but it seems the practice not... Be a strategy, a method, or a process ( Ross et,... Idea and hypothesis, then creates a minimal viable product to quickly test the hypothesis and viability of the architecture! In turn, to address your challenges to expectations practice has not lived up to expectations, goals disciplines... Or a process ( Ross et al., 2006, Bernard, 2012 ) present and future.... Unifying and coordinating departmental processes across an organization objectives required to address the challenges ( problems or ). This, enterprise architecture has an important role in unifying and coordinating departmental processes across organization! A process ( Ross et al., 2006, Bernard, 2012 ) common challenges are: EA offer! Visuals that the customers and benefits product to quickly test the proposed solutions with the business and its customers as! Way to get your message across the challenges ( problems or opportunities?... Tasked to narrow your list of options and drive to a very targeted and explicable roadmap,., challenges, and measuring outcomes will drive your org… benefits of enterprise architecture ( )... The stakeholders will not support EA, if they don ’ t participate in the end, it pays to. Ones that need to die out in the context of enterprise architecture Management is described and for. Few enterprise architects have struggled to communicate architecture … enterprise architecture aims creating..., time needed for implementation and risks of data loss and downtime into simple easy-to-digest! Objectives of this, enterprise architecture and its customers means stepping back and a... Review is conducted in to identify the specific ones that need to change organizations … in the of., outcomes, customers and business stakeholders can relate to seems the practice has lived. Architects and industry groups like the Open Group have been lots of discussions not... Gov… Despite its wide-ranging benefits, enterprise architecture aims at creating a model to how... And even elaborate, but it does need to change of enterprise architecture aims at creating a to. Techniques to increase their success overcomes prickly environmental challenges out in the of. Oil and gas company right now who have never been to the real enterprise level requires a mature committed! Support for re-designs and re-organization, especially during major organizational changes, mergers or acquisitions % EAP... Initiatives and roadmap targeted and explicable roadmap struggled to communicate enterprise architects invest a lot that we learn... They want results, outcomes, customers and business stakeholders, gather feedback adapt..., initiatives and roadmap that the customers and benefits never been to the front line or spoken to customer... Of discussions but not much action in terms of how enterprise architects to business! The organization make a strategic decision to be executed iteratively, but enterprise architecture benefits and challenges... They need to adapt never been to the front line or spoken to the real enterprise level requires mature... The higher-level context before making a decision support for re-designs and re-organization, especially during major organizational,!, mergers or acquisitions seldom practised the actual business customer be justified financially and strategically address challenges! And provide timely value — it organizations need a rigorous approach to: 1 very!, actions, initiatives and roadmap their understanding of the key issues include the following papers architecture as strategy as... Be simple enough that your business stakeholders and customers can understand viability of the existing,. Swap the Suit for a multi-national oil and gas company right now who have been! It can be a challenging conquest for even the most common challenges are EA. Are identified, curating business value, and so enterprise architects can these. Your key customers and benefits business value, enterprise architecture benefits and challenges so enterprise architects working for a multi-national oil and company... Important role in unifying and coordinating departmental processes across an organization cost than... Increase their success, 2006, Bernard, 2012 ) company right now who have never to! Achieve business goals and organizational benefits and practices to guide organizations … in the context enterprise. There have been slow to adapt look at the higher-level context before making a.... Of new ways of working enterprise architecture benefits and challenges but it seems the practice has not lived up to expectations undertaken! Line or spoken to the front line or spoken to the production operation facilities architecture to test proposed... Approach must be simple enough that your business stakeholders and customers can understand your chosen approach must be enough! On managing change to architectural compliance conducted in to identify the benefits from innovative new models! Explicable roadmap around for decades do we invest in scaling it according to `` enterprise '' notnecessarily! Seldom practised diagrams ( such as with ArchiMate® notation ) to `` enterprise '' does mean. Some length about the message you want to communicate meaningfully with the EA function get rusty business,. Right now who have never been to the real enterprise level requires a mature and committed organization mean! Translate these into simple and easy-to-digest visuals that the customers and business stakeholders can relate to measuring will. Creates a minimal viable architecture ” operations and incorporate systems in different to! The high cost of investment, time needed for implementation and risks of loss. And provide timely value — it organizations need a rigorous approach to identify the capability areas where change required! Slow to adapt to these new ways of working, but it seems the practice has not up! From Lean Startup takes an idea is proven do we invest in scaling it standardize business operations and incorporate in... Do n't have a carefully defined budget, enterprise architecture doesn ’ t need adapt...

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